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What is Presbyopia?

Presbyopia is age-related farsightedness or the gradual loss of the ability to focus on close objects. This common condition typically starts in the 40s, and it can be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses or surgery.

What is Presbyopia?

One of the most common side effects of getting older is the loss of near perfect vision. All of a sudden you find yourself having to squint to see certain things, causing stress, eye strain and an overall feeling of annoyance. This decline in close-up vision is caused by a condition known as presbyopia, which can have a direct impact on your daily life. Without adequate vision correction, you can find yourself struggling to read, including important text on medicine bottles or on receipts.

Presbyopia occurs when the eye’s natural lens hardens, and as a result, the eye is not able to focus light directly on the retina. Aging also affects muscle fibers around the lens, which makes it harder for the eye to focus on objects up close. Therefore, the lens becomes ineffective, which causes light to focus behind the retina, causing poor vision when it comes to objects that are close up.
Presbyopia usually starts to occur in the early to mid 40s and is experienced by most people by the age of 50. Everyone experiences some loss of focusing power for near objects as they age, but some will notice it much more than others.
Signs and symptoms of presbyopia include:
  • Eye strain
  • Recurring headaches
  • Problems seeing objects that are close up
  • Difficulty reading small print
  • Needing to hold reading material farther than an arm’s length away
If you experience any of these symptoms you should make it a point to schedule a comprehensive eye exam. If you currently wear glasses or contact lenses and still have these issues, a new prescription might be necessary. Your eye exam will also include a check for other age-related eye conditions such as glaucoma, macular degeneration, cataracts, and diabetic retinopathy.

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